Object Partitioning Considered Harmful: Space Subdivision for BVHs

dc.contributor.authorPopov, Stefanen_US
dc.contributor.authorGeorgiev, Iliyanen_US
dc.contributor.authorDimov, Rossenen_US
dc.contributor.authorSlusallek, Philippen_US
dc.contributor.editorDavid Luebke and Philipp Slusalleken_US
dc.description.abstractA major factor for the efficiency of ray tracing is the use of good acceleration structures. Recently, bounding volume hierarchies (BVHs) have become the preferred acceleration structures, due to their competitive performance and greater flexibility compared to KD trees. In this paper, we present a study on algorithms for the construction of optimal BVHs. Due to the exponential nature of the problem, constructing optimal BVHs for ray tracing remains an open topic. By exploiting the linearity of the surface area heuristic (SAH), we develop an algorithm that can find optimal partitions in polynomial time. We further generalize this algorithm and show that every SAH-based KD tree or BVH construction algorithm is a special case of the generic algorithm. Based on a number of experiments with the generic algorithm, we conclude that the assumption of non-terminating rays in the surface area cost model becomes a major obstacle for using the full potential of BVHs. We also observe that enforcing space partitioning helps to improve BVH performance. Finally, we develop a simple space partitioning algorithm for building efficient BVHs.en_US
dc.description.seriesinformationHigh-Performance Graphicsen_US
dc.publisherThe Eurographics Associationen_US
dc.titleObject Partitioning Considered Harmful: Space Subdivision for BVHsen_US